Indeed, the territory in Abruzzo has a natural predisposition for viticulture and winemaking: thanks to its location between the Adriatic sea and the Gran Sasso d'Italia and Majella massifs it benefits from a considerable temperature range between day and night, which, associated with good ventilation, guarantees the vines an ideal microclimate to vegetate and produce grapes of an extraordinary quality.
Just like Montepulciano, which for many years has been considered one of the greatest red grape varieties in Italy.
Present for centuries in the Peligna Valley, in the province of L'Aquila, viticulture in Abruzzo has developed mainly in the last 40-50 years: it is a young and specialised viticulture, which is highly rational and which has gradually abandoned the most difficult areas, moving to the better suited ones on the hills along the coast.
Abruzzo can in fact be divided into two areas: the internal mountainous one which is characterised by a continental climate and represents over 65% of the entire territory of the region, and the coastal one with its many hills and temperate climate.
Montepulciano is among the most widespread grape varieties and represents over half of the regional ampelographic base , as well as being the grape variety which serves as reference point for the DOC Montepulciano d'Abruzzo guarantee of origin and quality, which also includes the Cerasuolo typology. Cultivated on approximately 17 thousand hectares, with a consistently upward trend (in recent years over 70% of new implantations have been made with this grape variety), we have certain knowledge of its presence in Abruzzo since the mid-1700s.
It is followed by the Trebbiano d'Abruzzo white grape variety, with about 14 thousand hectares, which originated the DOC guarantee bearing its name, and is another protagonist in the winemaking history of Abruzzo. And finally there are a series of native, national and international grape varieties such as Passerina, Pecorino, Cococciola and then Sangiovese, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot.